Installing peertube on Ubuntu 18.04

Installing peertube on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS

Dependencies

1. On a fresh Ubuntu, as root user, install basic utility programs needed for the installation

# apt-get install curl sudo unzip vim

2. It would be wise to disable root access and to continue this tutorial with a user with sudoers group access

3. Installing Certbot (Nginx on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS -bionic)

  1. SSH into the server

    SSH into the server running your HTTP website as a user with sudo privileges.

  2. Add Certbot PPA

    You’ll need to add the Certbot PPA to your list of repositories. To do so, run the following commands on the command line on the machine:

    sudo apt-get updatesudo apt-get install software-properties-commonsudo add-apt-repository universesudo add-apt-repository ppa:certbot/certbotsudo apt-get update
    
  3. Install Certbot

    Run this command on the command line on the machine to install Certbot.

    sudo apt-get install certbot python-certbot-nginx
    
  4. Choose how you’d like to run Certbot

    • Either get and install your certificates…

      Run this command to get a certificate and have Certbot edit your Nginx configuration automatically to serve it, turning on HTTPS access in a single step.

      sudo certbot --nginx
      
    • Or, just get a certificate

      If you’re feeling more conservative and would like to make the changes to your Nginx configuration by hand, run this command.

      sudo certbot certonly --nginx
      

4. [Node.js v10.x:](%5Bhttps://github.com/nodesource/distributions/blob/master/README.md#deb%5D(https://github.com/nodesource/distributions/blob/master/README.md#deb)

curl -sL [https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_10.x](https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_10.x) | sudo -E bash -sudo apt-get install -y nodejs

5. [Installing yarn](%5Bhttps://yarnpkg.com/en/docs/install#debian-stable%5D(https://yarnpkg.com/en/docs/install#debian-stable)

On Debian or Ubuntu Linux, you can install Yarn via our Debian package repository. You will first need to configure the repository:

curl -sS https://dl.yarnpkg.com/debian/pubkey.gpg | sudo apt-key add -echo "deb https://dl.yarnpkg.com/debian/ stable main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/yarn.list

On Ubuntu 16.04 or below and Debian Stable, you will also need to configure the NodeSource repository to get a new enough version of Node.js.

Then you can simply:

sudo apt update && sudo apt install yarn

Note: Ubuntu 17.04 comes with cmdtest installed by default. If you’re getting errors from installing yarn, you may want to run sudo apt remove cmdtest first. Refer to this for more information.

If using nvm you can avoid the node installation by doing:

sudo apt update && sudo apt install --no-install-recommends yarn

6. Installing the following software

$ sudo apt update$ sudo apt install nginx ffmpeg postgresql postgresql-contrib openssl g++ make redis-server git python-dev$ ffmpeg -version # Should be >= 3.x$ g++ -v # Should be >= 5.x

Now that dependencies are installed, before running PeerTube you should start PostgreSQL and Redis:

$ sudo systemctl start redis postgresql

Installation

Please don’t install PeerTube for production on a device behind a low bandwidth connection (example: your ADSL link). If you want information about the appropriate hardware to run PeerTube, please see the FAQ.

PeerTube user

Create a peertube user with /var/www/peertube home:

$ sudo useradd -m -d /var/www/peertube -s /bin/bash -p peertube peertube

Set its password:

$ sudo passwd peertube

On FreeBSD

$ sudo pw useradd -n peertube -d /var/www/peertube -s /usr/local/bin/bash -m$ sudo passwd peertube

or use adduser to create it interactively.

Database

Create the production database and a peertube user inside PostgreSQL:

$ sudo -u postgres createuser -P peertube$ sudo -u postgres createdb -O peertube peertube_prod

Then enable extensions PeerTube needs:

$ sudo -u postgres psql -c "CREATE EXTENSION pg_trgm;" peertube_prod$ sudo -u postgres psql -c "CREATE EXTENSION unaccent;" peertube_prod

Prepare PeerTube directory

Fetch the latest tagged version of Peertube

$ VERSION=$(curl -s https://api.github.com/repos/chocobozzz/peertube/releases/latest | grep tag_name | cut -d '"' -f 4) && echo "Latest Peertube version is $VERSION"

Open the peertube directory, create a few required directories

$ cd /var/www/peertube && sudo -u peertube mkdir config storage versions && cd versions

Download the latest version of the Peertube client, unzip it and remove the zip

$ sudo -u peertube wget -q "https://github.com/Chocobozzz/PeerTube/releases/download/${VERSION}/peertube-${VERSION}.zip"$ sudo -u peertube unzip peertube-${VERSION}.zip && sudo -u peertube rm peertube-${VERSION}.zip

Install Peertube:

$ cd ../ && sudo -u peertube ln -s versions/peertube-${VERSION} ./peertube-latest$ cd ./peertube-latest && sudo -H -u peertube yarn install --production --pure-lockfile

PeerTube configuration

Copy example configuration:

$ cd /var/www/peertube && sudo -u peertube cp peertube-latest/config/production.yaml.example config/production.yaml

Then edit the config/production.yaml file according to your webserver configuration.

PeerTube does not support webserver host change. Keep in mind your domain name is definitive after your first PeerTube start.

Webserver

We only provide official configuration files for Nginx.

Copy the nginx configuration template:

$ sudo cp /var/www/peertube/peertube-latest/support/nginx/peertube /etc/nginx/sites-available/peertube

Then modify the webserver configuration file. Please pay attention to the alias keys of the static locations. It should correspond to the paths of your storage directories (set in the configuration file inside the storage key).

$ sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/peertube

Activate the configuration file:

$ sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/peertube /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/peertube

To generate the certificate for your domain as required to make https work you can use Let’s Encrypt:

$ sudo systemctl stop nginx$ sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/peertube # Comment ssl_certificate and ssl_certificate_key lines$ sudo certbot --authenticator standalone --installer nginx --post-hook "systemctl start nginx"$ sudo vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/peertube # Uncomment ssl_certificate and ssl_certificate_key lines$ sudo systemctl reload nginx

Remember your certificate will expire in 90 days, and thus needs renewal.

Now you have the certificates you can reload nginx:

$ sudo systemctl reload nginx

systemd

If your OS uses systemd, copy the configuration template:

$ sudo cp /var/www/peertube/peertube-latest/support/systemd/peertube.service /etc/systemd/system/

Update the service file:

$ sudo vim /etc/systemd/system/peertube.service

Tell systemd to reload its config:

$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload

If you want to start PeerTube on boot:

$ sudo systemctl enable peertube

Run:

$ sudo systemctl start peertube$ sudo journalctl -feu peertube

Administrator

The administrator password is automatically generated and can be found in the logs. You can set another password with:

$ cd /var/www/peertube/peertube-latest && NODE_CONFIG_DIR=/var/www/peertube/config NODE_ENV=production npm run reset-password -- -u root

Alternatively you can set the environment variable PT_INITIAL_ROOT_PASSWORD, to your own administrator password, although it must be 6 characters or more.

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